A Mock MOT Test
This Mock MOT test is meant for use strictly as a guide to help you get prepared to put your car through the MOT test, it is not an official test.
This guide is usefull to give you an understanding of what is involved in an MOT test.
Items tested under the MOT:
MOT check for mirrors
An MOT test will inspect the condition of your mirrors, to make sure all of the required mirrors are present and check they are firmly attached securely.
You are required to have on a car one wing mirror or door mirror and an internal rear view mirror. The glass on all mirrors will be checked for security and to make sure the condition is road worth for example they mirror is not cracked or has sharp edges.
MOT check for Doors
Firstly the doors must open and close freely. The door must stay securely in the closed position when shut. The front doors of the vehicle must open from outside and inside. If the car is a five door the rear doors may be used to test items in the back of the vehicle for example rear seatbelts.
When the MOT garage inspects the front doors both will be opened and their condition and fastening to the vehicle will be checked to ensure they are deemed fit for use on the road.
MOT check for seats
The MOT test checks that all seats in the car are properly secured, it also checks that the seats are secure when in the upright driving position.
- Hinges can be corroded or badly damaged which can result in the door being poorly fixed to the vehicle and can lead to problems such as the door falling off. This will lead to an MOT failure
- The door relase mechanism and can sometimes be defective, from a broken handle or defective locks. This will usually cause a problem when trying to open from the inside and outside, as this is the case it can be a major concern should you need to exit the car quickly. Obviously this will cause a vehicle to fail an MOT.
Both front seats must be securely fastened to the vehicles floor, any broken joints, nuts or bolts will cause an MOT failure.
MOT check for seatbelts
Any compulsory seatbelt must be in place, some older cars did not have rear seatbelts fitted if this is the case they are not required to pass an MOT.
Seatbelts in the vehicle will be inspected for condition, operation and security to the car. Any damage to the seatbelt itself can cause an MOT failure this includes rips & fraying.
For obvious reasons this is an integrale part of the cars safety system and therefore is very important to be working correctly.
MOT check for Horn
The horn must function correctly and be audible, the switch must be clearly labeled and accesible.
MOT check for Lights
All lights will be checked for operation, condition, securely fastened to the vehicle and that they are of the correct colour according to the light. The main headlamps aim will be checked to make sure they are useable at the angle they have been set.
The lights checked are side lights and headlamps, Rear fog lamps, rear reflectors, number plate lamps, stop lights, indicators and hazard lights.
The best way to check all of these is to get assistance or ask in your local car accesories center.
MOT check for Registration Plate
Your registration plate must be visible from the front and rear of the vehicle, it must be of the standard font and be easily readable. It may fail if cracked in such a way that the numbers or letters are unrecogniseable.
MOT check for Vehicle Identification Number
The VIN number
Only one VIN number should be present on any vehicle first used on or after August 1980, this may be placed more than once on the car.
The VIN number is sometimes called the chassis number, this must be securely fastened and legible.
A Vehicle identification Number is a specific number unique to the vehicle it is placed on. It is most likely to be located under the bonnet rivoted to the bulkhead or chassis.
MOT check for Exhaust Emissions
The vehicle must meet the minimum requirement for exhaust emissions produced, this can vary according to the age and type of fuel the vehicle use's.
The Test procedure
The car will be connected to a special type of computer to measure carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide levels to check they are not excessive, if they are found to be high the vehicle will fail the MOT.
Common faults of exhaust emissions
MOT check for Exhaust system
The exhaust must be complete and secured to the vehicle it must silence effectively and have no serious leaks.
- This can be caused by a faulty emission contol system component, such as a blocked air filter or the vehicles eletronic component that controls the mixture of air and fuel, so that the fuel may burn correctlty.
- Engine damage can also cause poor exhaust emissions, such as a cylinder rings or damaged pistons can lead to bad exhaust emissions.
- Another common fault leading to poor emissions can be caused by the catalystic converter, catalyst or cat. Any car produced on or after 1993 was required to have a catalyic converter fitted, they were fitted to reduce the amount of dangerous gases exiting the exhaust, it does so by breaking the gases down to less dangerous
Exhaust test procedure
The whole system must be fixed securely on the vehicle, it must use the purposefully fitted exhaust mount or exhaust rubbers. The exhaust must not leak and have no serious corrosion.
It must be silenced efficiently depending on the make and model of the vehicle. It may fail an MOT if it is too loud.
Common exhaust faults
MOT check for Fuel system
All fuel caps must fasten and seal correctly, the whole fuel system will be checked extensively for leaks, safety and corrosion that may have been caused by leaking fuel.
- Loose mounting of the exhaust can result in an MOT failure.
- Exccesive corrosion on the exhaust sytem can result in exhaust leaks and in most cases will be an MOT failure.
- Missing baffles in the silencer can lead to excessive noise levels.
All fuel lines will be checked for potential leaks and damage. The fuel system is followed all the way through to the fuel injectors or carb, any leak found will be an MOT failure.
Common fuel system faults
MOT check for Wipers and Washers
MOT check for Steering and Suspension
MOT check for Vehicle Structure
MOT check for Wheels and Tyres
MOT check for Brakes
MOT check for Windscreen
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- Fuel leaks from hoses, injectors, petrol tank or carb.
- Faulty fuel cap, the cap must lock or will fail the MOT.
- Petrol tank condition any obvious sign of corrosion will result in an MOT failure.
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